7️⃣

4.7 Box Model Border

CSS Border Properties

The CSS border properties allow you to specify the style, width, and color of an element's border.

CSS Border Style

The border-style property specifies what kind of border to display.

The following values are allowed:

  • dotted - Defines a dotted border
  • dashed - Defines a dashed border
  • solid - Defines a solid border
  • double - Defines a double border
  • groove - Defines a 3D grooved border. The effect depends on the border-color value
  • ridge - Defines a 3D ridged border. The effect depends on the border-color value
  • inset - Defines a 3D inset border. The effect depends on the border-color value
  • outset - Defines a 3D outset border. The effect depends on the border-color value
  • none - Defines no border
  • hidden - Defines a hidden border

The border-style property can have from one to four values (for the top border, right border, bottom border, and the left border).

CSS Border Width

The border-width property specifies the width of the four borders.

The width can be set as a specific size (in px, pt, cm, em, etc) or by using one of the three pre-defined values: thin, medium, or thick.

Specific Side Widths

The border-width property can have from one to four values (for the top border, right border, bottom border, and the left border).

CSS Border Color

The border-color property is used to set the color of the four borders.

The color can be set by:

  • name - specify a color name, like "red"
  • HEX - specify a HEX value, like "#ff0000"
  • RGB - specify a RGB value, like "rgb(255,0,0)"
  • transparent

Specific Side Colors

The border-color property can have from one to four values (for the top border, right border, bottom border, and the left border).

CSS Border - Individual Sides

From the examples on the previous pages, you have seen that it is possible to specify a different border for each side.

In CSS, there are also properties for specifying each of the borders (top, right, bottom, and left).

If the border-style property has four values:

  • border-style: dotted solid double dashed;
    • top border is dotted
    • right border is solid
    • bottom border is double
    • left border is dashed

If the border-style property has three values:

  • border-style: dotted solid double;
    • top border is dotted
    • right and left borders are solid
    • bottom border is double

If the border-style property has two values:

  • border-style: dotted solid;
    • top and bottom borders are dotted
    • right and left borders are solid

If the border-style property has one value:

  • border-style: dotted;
    • all four borders are dotted

CSS Border - Shorthand Property

Like you saw in the previous page, there are many properties to consider when dealing with borders.

To shorten the code, it is also possible to specify all the individual border properties in one property.

The border property is a shorthand property for the following individual border properties:

  • border-width
  • border-style (required)
  • border-color

CSS Rounded Borders

The border-radius property is used to add rounded borders to an element.

image

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