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4.2 Augmented Assignment Operators

Chapter Table of Contents

Ch. 4 Operators

Section Table of Contents

Often in programming, we need to update the status of a variable. For example, let’s say I’m coding a game where if the user presses a button, their score goes up by 5. The way I could write this in code would be:

score = score + 5;

There’s actually another way to do this which requires less typing! Enter augmented assignment operators. Don’t be afraid of their fancy name — these operators are simply an arithmetic operator and an assignment operator all in one.

In the example above, I could do the same thing with an augmented assignment operator like so:

score += 5;

There is an augmented assignment operator for all of the arithmetic operators. Here’s an example of all of them in action

int a = 1;

a += 1; // equaivalent to a = a + 1;
a -= 2; // equaivalent to a = a - 2;
a *= 3; // equaivalent to a = a * 3;
a /= 4; // equaivalent to a = a / 4;
a %= 5; // equaivalent to a = a % 5;

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